Wellbeing is defined as “the state of being comfortable, healthy, or happy.” However, it is important to realise that it is a much broader concept than moment-to-moment happiness.
It is most commonly used in philosophy to describe what is non-instrumentally or ultimately good for a person. … According to the view known as welfarism, well-being is the only value. Also important in ethics is the question of how a person’s moral character and actions relate to their well-being.
Spiritual Wellness. Spiritual strength is that force that drives us to make sacrifices for others, our nation, and the greater good. …
Emotional Wellness. Emotional wellness refers to building an awareness of and accepting one’s feelings and moods. …
Physical Wellness. …
The well-being of a person is what is good for this person.Theories of well-being try to determine which features of a state are responsible for this state contributing to the person’s . Theories of well-being are often classified into hedonistic theories, desire theories, and objective list theories. Hedonistic theories and desire theories are subjective theories. According to them, the behavior of a person depends on the subjective mental states and attitudes of this person. Objective list theories, on the other hand, allow that things can benefit a person independent of that person’s subjective attitudes towards these things.
For hedonistic theories, the mental states in question are experiences of pleasure and pain. One example of such an account can be found in Jeremy Bentham‘s works, where it is suggested that the value of experiences only depends on their duration and the intensity of pleasure or pain present in them. Various counterexamples have been formulated against this view. They usually involve cases in which common-sense suggests that options with a lower aggregate pleasure are preferable, for example, that the intellectual or aesthetic pleasures are superior to sensory pleasures or that it would be unwise to enter Robert Nozick‘s experience machine. These counter-examples are not knock-down arguments but the proponent of hedonistic theories faces the challenge of explaining why common-sense misleads us in the problematic cases.
Desire theories can avoid some of the problems of hedonistic theories by holding that well-being consists in desire-satisfaction: the higher the number of satisfied desires, the higher the well-being. One problem for some versions of desire theory is that not all desires are good: some desires may even have terrible consequences for the agent. Desire theorists have tried to avoid this objection by holding that what matters are not actual desires but the desires the agent would have if she was fully informed.
Objective list theories state that a person’s well-being depends on a list of factors. This list may also include subjective factors like a pleasure-pain-balance or desire-satisfaction besides factors that are independent of the subject’s attitudes, like friendship or having virtues. Objective list theories face the problem of explaining how subject-independent factors can determine a person’s well-being even if this person doesn’t care about these factors. Another objection concerns the selection of these factors. Different theorists have provided very different lists. These lists seem to constitute arbitrary selections unless a clear criterion could be provided why all and only the items on the list are relevant factors.